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Claude Gaspar Bachet de Méziriac

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Data mortii:

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9 Oct 1581

Bourg-en-Bresse, France

26 Feb 1638

Bourg-en-Bresse, France

Claude Bachet studied with the Jesuits in Lyon and Milan. He joined the Jesuit Order in 1601 but the following year, after an illness, he left the Order. For most of his life Bachet lived in comparative leisure on his estate at Bourg-en-Bresse. It was to this estate he returned after the illness in Milan in 1602 and, except for spending 1619-20 in Paris, he spent his life quietly there enjoying the considerable income generated by the estate. He married in 1612.

Bachet was a writer of books (1612 and 1624) on mathematical puzzles and tricks which formed the basis for almost all later books on mathematical recreations.

Bachet discovered a method of constructing magic squares . He also worked on number theory . He is most famous for his Latin translation of Diophantus 's Greek text Arithmetica (1621) in which Fermat wrote his famous Last Theorem marginal note.

He was elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 1635.

Source:School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland