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Sof'ja Aleksandrovna Janovskaja

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31 Jan 1896

Pruzhany, Poland (now Kobrin, Belarus)

24 Oct 1966

Moscow, USSR

Sof'ja Aleksandrovna Neimark's family moved to Odessa when she was young and she was educated in classics and mathematics in Odessa. She entered the Higher School for Women in Odessa in 1915.

When the Russian Revolution arrived Neimark became politically active serving the Red Army and as editor for the Kommunist newspaper in Odessa. In 1923 she returned to her studies attending seminars at Moscow State University. By 1931 she was a professor there, and, four years later, she received her doctorate.

Janovskaja worked on the philosophy of mathematics and logic. She argued against the writings of Frege on philosophy. Her work in mathematical logic was important in the development of the subject in Soviet Union.

The history of mathematics was another topic which attracted Janovskaja and she published work on Egyptian mathematics, Zeno of Elea 's paradoxes, Rolle 's criticisms of the calculus, Descartes 's geometry and Lobachevsky 's work on non-euclidean geometry .

Among the honours which were given to Janovskaja was the Order of Lenin in 1951. In 1959 she became the first Head of the new Department of Mathematical Logic at Moscow State University.

Source:School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland