The Highest Security Prisons in Florida
If you or a loved one is facing a federal prison sentence, you may be wondering what kind of prison you will end up in. The security levels of federal prisons range from minimum to high, with an additional administrative level. The features and restrictions of each level vary according to the inmates’ needs and risk. This article will concentrate on the maximum security level: the highest security prisons.
Penitentiaries, or maximum security prisons, are meant to hold the most violent and dangerous offenders in the federal system. Serious crimes, such as murder, terrorism, espionage, or sex offenses, have landed these inmates in long sentences or life imprisonment. Some of them may also be on death row, waiting for their execution.
With high walls, razor wire, guard towers, and electronic surveillance, maximum security prisons have the most secure and restrictive environment. The inmates are confined to their cells for most of the day, with limited movement and activities. There is a high staff-to-inmate ratio, and the security measures are tight.
In Florida, there are two maximum security prisons, both located in the Federal Correctional Complex, Coleman (FCC Coleman). Near Wildwood, in unincorporated Sumter County, Florida, is FCC Coleman Correctional Facility, a United States federal prison complex for male inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP), a division of the United States Department of Justice, operates it.
Approximately 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Orlando, 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Tampa, and 35 miles (56 km) south of Ocala, the facility is located in central Florida. The complex is located at 846 NE 54th Ter, Coleman, FL 33521. The space of the complex is 1,600 acres (650 ha). As of 2010, the complex, the largest correctional facility operated in the nation, altogether houses 7,120 prisoners, and 1,300 employees, making it one of the largest employers in the county. According to Rachel Monroe of The Atlantic, the prison has held several notable or unusual criminals. Most prisoners, except for those housed at United States Penitentiary Coleman 1, are serving sentences for drug-related crimes, and had not been found guilty of violent acts.
The prisoners at FCC Coleman federal prison are all male. They have sentences of 10 years on average. According to press reports, staff had raped female prisoners, which previously were held at the adjacent satellite prison camp, and widespread sexual abuse has been tolerated. Prosecutors have been unable to prosecute cases against the employees due to lack of evidence.
The complex is made up of four facilities: A low-security facility: FCI Coleman Low (Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Low). A medium-security facility with a satellite prison camp for minimum-security inmates adjacent to it: FCI Coleman Medium (Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Medium). A high-security facility: USP Coleman I (United States Penitentiary I, Coleman). A high-security facility: USP Coleman II (United States Penitentiary II, Coleman).